First, there is no one single standard way of dealing with Diabetes (1). Consequently, it is important to know which kind of Diabetes that you have as that will influence what needs to be done. Generically, Diabetes can be divided into four different categories.
- Type 1 - Usually an immune disorder, but among other things, it means your body is no longer producing insulin. For information on the disease itself check out Type 1 Diabetes on Wikipedia.
- Type 2 - The issues are more metabolic in nature, plus insulin is still being produced. See the article on Wikipedia.
- Gestational - A temporary condition related to pregnancy. Can usually be handled in the same manner as Type 2. For more information of the disorder itself check the article on Wikipedia.
- Everything else. - If you are in this category you really should be working with a Endocrinologist to stay on top of whatever is needed.
Rather than focusing on the disease itself, we are more concerned with its management. If you haven't already, you would do well to attend a diabetes class. Hospitals are often a good place to find such.
Diet & ExerciseEdit
Pertinent to everyone, regardless of Type are Diet and Exercise. Aerobic exercise in particular is of value to those with Type 2 diabetes.
Regardless of which kind of diabetes you have, one of the first things you will want to get is a Glucose Monitoring device. They don't cost all that much, and can sometimes be gotten for free as part of some deal.
They are used for testing your blood glucose level and can help you determine how well you are doing at any given moment.
This is typically a Type 2 concern. If you are lucky to have only a mild version of Type 2 diabetes, Diet and Exercise is usually sufficient. However, if the diabetes has progressed far enough to do some damage, Oral Medications may be needed to bring things back under your control.
Typically a Type 1 concern, it can also be an issue for severe forms of Type 2 as well. Unlike oral medications, Insulin is a hormone that currently must be injected.